A very famous figure in Greek mythology, Orestes is thought, according to one legend, to have started the cult of Diana of the Woods. After killing the King of the Tauric Chersonese, Orestes is said to have fled to Nemi, the place where the golden bough ritual is followed, thereby introducing Diana to that part of Italy.
The King of the Wood is the traditional priest of the Arician grove. Frazer recounts how this position has been handed down, generation aftergeneration, since antiquity. The book's title, , refers to the tradition that states that the King of the Woods must be killed by an escaped slave, hit with a golden bough from a tree that grows there. The person who kills him then becomes the new King of the Wood. He is thought to represent a worldly husband to the goddess Diana. Throughout the course of the book, Frazer speculates about various theories explaining how the king's ritual murder came to be custom. The history of the position, as well as similar rituals in other cultures, is explored. Using this particularly significant ritual, Frazer examines the implications of hundreds of beliefs and their evolution over the centuries.
Its thesis is that old religions were fertility cults that revolved around the "> 25 May 2014 The Golden Bough, a study of comparative religion by Sir James Frazer.
Sir James Frazer was a British anthropologist, folklorist, and classical scholar, best remembered as the author of the 7 Feb 2013 Download The Golden Bough.
Frazer offered a modernist approach to discussing religion, treating it dispassionately as a cultural “”Frazer was able to keep his beautiful rooms at Trinity College, Cambridge, until his death The Golden Bough is a twelve-volume collection of mythology and After several editions of Wittgenstein's REMARKS ON FRAZER'S GOLDEN BOUGH (in the following abbreviated as GB) the public still hasn't been provided with THE GOLDEN BOUGH p.
In theorizing about why the golden bough is so important to the tradition of succession of the King of the Wood, Frazer connects gold, the sun, fire, and power. Trees that had been hit by lightning were, for example, often seen as especially significant because they were thought to have even more fire in them than ordinary trees that were burned for fuel. Frazer speculates that the golden bough may be an ancient name for mistletoe, which grows as a vine on oak trees, turns yellow or golden while the rest of the tree remains green, and is thought in several cultures to have mystical properties. Connecting the magical power of the kings with the magical powers ascribed to mistletoe, Frazer identifies the belief that the soul of a person could be put into some object for safekeeping and the belief that important persons could only be killed by something that was already a part of them: thus, if the power of the King of the Wood was already in the mistletoe, it would make sense that the bough would be the only thing needed to kill him.
Aeneas is a central figure of Roman mythology. He is the title character of Virgil's masterpiece which recounts his seven years of travels after the Greeks' siege of Troy. His journey ended when he landed in Italy and founded Rome. According to legend, Aeneas, before going to the underworld, was told that he must take with him a golden bough from an evergreen oak tree that grew in the grove of Diana, to give as a gift to the Queen of the Underworld.
The entire line of inquiry of is developed from one particular ritualistic practice that Frazer describes in the book's early pages. In Italy, he explains, there is a wooded area on the shore of Lake Nemi, which is dedicated to the memory of the Roman goddess Diana. By tradition, each priest of Diana who guards the forest, known as the King of the Wood, gained his position by murdering the priest who held the position before him. Tradition held that the King of the Wood must be killed by an escaped slave who would beat the king to death with a golden bough taken from a tree that grew in the grove. Frazer was curious about several elements in this tradition. He wondered why the priest is referred to as a king, a practice he learned was fairly common. Next, he wondered about the probability that the priest would spend much time worrying about would-be assassins ready to take his position from him. Finally, Frazer wondered why the golden bough was so important to the ritual and why there was an assumption that the branch of gold would always be available. Frazer's search for more information generates a long inquiry into myths and beliefs of various cultures.
In Scandinavian mythology, Balder the Beautiful could be harmed by nothing on heaven or earth except a bough of mistletoe. Frazer supposes that Balder was a personification of the mistletoe that grows on the oak tree, which was worshipped as sacred by the Scandinavians. This mistletoe is considered to be a possible source for the idea of the golden tree bough referred to in the book's title, thereby connecting the ancient Roman ritual practiced in Italy with the religious practices that developed in the countries of northern Europe.
Dionysus is the god associated with the grape and, by extension, with wine and drunkenness. A religion was formed around the worship of him, celebrating the irrational over the rational, countering the focus on reason that characterized Greek culture. He is related to the book's focal story about the golden bough because, in addition to being god of grapes, he is considered god of all trees. Moreover, the practice of sacrificing goats in ceremonies to honor Dionysus resembles the ritual sacrifice of the King of the Forest in the golden bough tradition.
Ever since its first edition in 1890, has been considered a major influence in the development of western thought. In this book, Sir James G. Frazer, a Cambridge researcher trained in classical literature, outlines ancient myths and folk legends, proposing that all civilizations go through three stages of development: belief in magic leads to organized religion, which eventually leads to faith in the powers of science. Frazer's literary style raised interest in the ideas of other world cultures at a time when western societies considered the peoples of Africa and Asia to be the products of "primitive" thought. In addition, his attempts to identify the basic story motifs to which all human beings respond was carried forth in the twentieth century by psychologists such as Carl Jung, who developed the idea of the collective unconscious, and by such literary masters as James Joyce and T. S. Eliot.
THE HUMAN BODY (1992)
THE HUMAN BRAIN (1963)
INSIDE THE ATOM (1966)
IS ANYONE THERE? (1967)
THE ROVING MIND (1983)
OF MATTERS GREAT AND SMALL (1974)
A SHORT HISTORY OF BIOLOGY (1956)
THE WELLSPRINGS OF LIFE (1960)
THE WORLD OF CARBON (1958)
THE 13 CRIMES OF SCIENCE FICTION (1979)
100 GREAT FANTASY SHORT SHORT STORIES (1984)
BEFORE THE GOLDEN AGE (1974)
THE BEST SCIENCE FICTION OF THE 19TH CENTURY (1981)
THE GREAT SCIENCE FICTION STORIES VOL.