No winning words about death to , shining Odysseus!
By god, I'd rather slave on earth for another man –
some dirt-poor tenant farmer who scrapes to keep alive –
than rule down here over all the breathless dead.
For this project, we are also guided by the original This I Believe series and the to those who wrote essays in the 1950s. Their advice holds up well. Please consider it carefully in writing your piece.
Other significant mental characteristics that the Greeks valued are faithfulness and loyalty. There are many, many examples of loyalty and faithfulness in The Odyssey. The four most significant examples are Penelope, Eumaios, Philoitois, and Argos. Penelope is Odysseus faithful wife who never slept with anyone else besides Odysseus, even though she was tempted. She also keeps herself hoping that Odysseus is still alive and will someday come home. Eumaios is the loyal swineherd who helps Odysseus overcome the suitors. Philoitois is the loyal ox herd who also helps Odysseus overcome the suitors. Argos is the “patient-hearted … dog” (Bk. XVII, 292) of Odysseus. Odysseus tests these individuals (except the dog) to decide whether he can trust them or not. He also tests other individuals, such as the servants, to find if they are loyal to him or not.
THE PENELOPE PROJECT BOOK NOW AVAILABLE (University of Iowa Press, 2016)
Learn the story of this two-year effort to transform a care community inspired by Homer's Odyssey. The book provides context for the project and shares stories of what went right and wrong - and the learning along the way. .
In Homer’s epic, The Odyssey, various aspects of the ancient Greeks are revealed through the actions, characters, plot, and wording. Homer uses his skill as a playwright, poet, and philosopher to inform the audience of the history, prides, and achievements of the ancient Greeks, and, also, to tell of the many values and the multi-faceted culture of the ancient Greek caste. The Greeks had numerous values and customs, of which the primary principles are the mental characteristics of an individual, the physical characteristics of an individual, the recreations and pastimes the Greeks enjoyed, the way in which a host treats a guest, the religious aspects, and finally, the Greeks’ view on life, revealed in The Odyssey which shows and defines their culture
Physical characteristics were just as important to the Greeks as mental characteristics. Strength was one of the more dominantly looked upon of the physical characteristics. Strength was a common test and was used to gauge a man’s place in the real world. Penelope used strength as a test for the competition for the suitors. The competition was to be able to string Odysseus’ bow and shoot it accurately, the prize (marriage of Penelope) going to “the one who takes the bow in his hands, strings it with greatest ease, and sends an arrow clean through all twelve axes” (Bk. XXI, 75 – 76). Strength was also a part of the Phaiakian’s competition. Strength was needed for the discus throwing (which Odysseus excelled in), wrestling, and boxing. Also, the Greeks loved competition, proven by the fact that they urged on Odysseus and Iros to fight. And when they finally saw blood, they went crazy, laughing and cheering like it was the most exciting thing in the world.
The treatment of a guest was very important in the times of the ancient Greeks. It defined your social class, and it also helped you in favour with Zeus, who is the god of travellers and guests. A wide range of things can be classified as hospitality, but the general idea is always the same and cannot change. Hospitality was giving any stranger food, warmth, shelter and comfort before asking questions such as their name, heritage, or means of transportation. Hospitality also meant an ear for every word and respect for every word as well. Also, the host is responsible for being the aegis of the guest while the guest resides at his home. Telemachus feels that he cannot provide this for his father (in guise of a beggar), and is therefore ashamed. “How can I take and entertain a stranger guest in my house? I myself am young and have no faith in my hands’ strength to defend a man, if anyone else picks a quarrel with him (Bk. XVI, 69 – 72). Examples of good hospitality are abundant throughout The Odyssey, such as when Athene goes to Telemachus in Ithaca, when Telemachus goes to Nestor, when Telemachus goes to Menelaos, when Odysseus goes to the Phaiakians, and when Odysseus goes to Eumaios. Presents at arrival are expected, but presents at departure are not always present. However, in case of a wealthy, generous, or friendly host, presents, even those with incalculable and immense values can be exchanged.
The ancient Greeks had an optimistic view on life, a view that makes nice, happy endings, but are unfortunately not very realistic. The Greeks believed that in the end of any hardship or endurance, justice would emerge and show its victorious smile to the victim. They believed that persistence and determination would come through in the end. The Greeks also believed that in a battle between good and evil, good will triumph in the end. The view that good triumphs versus evil can be seen in the epic when Odysseus (good) kills all of the suitors (bad) against virtually impossible odds. The view that justice will emerge in the end is shown in The Odyssey when all unfaithful servants and maids are killed. The view of persistence and determination succeeding is proved by the fact that Odysseus “who, after much suffering, came at lest in the twentieth year back to his own country” (Bk. XXIII, 101 – 102) survived all of his shipwrecks, attacks, and other hindrances and ultimately succeeds in coming back home.
Like most sequels, Odyssey is full events and people detailed in Homer's earlier poem, like Achilleus (3.114), the Trojan horse (8.533-558), Helen (23.246-252), and Agamemnon (24.16-...
Throughout The Odyssey, Greek values and the Greek culture are constantly shaped by the flow of the author’s pen, which narrates a story with an intricate plot. The epic allows the modern-day public know about the times when men fought with their hands and their heads, when the gods dominated cultures, and when love and faithfulness meant something. The Odyssey is a great work of a great poet, Homer, who not only captures the essence of the ancient Greek spirit and culture, but also tells a story that can be passed down from generation to generation, without any fear of growing old.
Although we are no longer accepting new essays on our website, we thought we would share these essay writing suggestions in case you wished to write an essay for your own benefit. Writing your own statement of personal belief can be a powerful tool for self-reflection. It can also be a wonderful thing to share with family, friends, and colleagues. To guide you through this process, we offer these suggestions: