The country is surrounded in mythology and legends, from Greek gods fighting over villages for power to towns rising out of the sunken, ancient city of Atlantis.
In particular, the focus will be on the religious beliefs of the Greeks, including prayer and sacrifice, as well as on festivals and the arts, such as the ancient Olympic games and theatre.
The ancient Greeks created the stories about the lives and journeys of the Greek Gods, known as myths, simply as an endeavor to elucidate nature and all phenomena which were difficult to explain using modern science and logic.
Marilyn, (2009), Art History Portable Edition, Ancient Art Chapter Five, to knowledge about Greek history is important to understanding its arts; knowledge of its religious beliefs is indispensable, because most of their art pieces are based on myth and legends of their gods.
Greek Myths are all that’s left of the ancient Greek religion. About 1200 b.c.e., the residents of, what we would call, Greece and Asia Minor shared a common belief in a group of deities that came to be known as The Olympians.
This fascinating religion's messages and influences are reflected in today’s modern society, and many similarities can be found between Greek mythology and modern religions, such as Christianity....
Ancient Greek religion is a type of polytheism called “Monarchial Polytheism.” That is, they believe in several different gods and deities but there is a supreme ruler above all of them....