Mr. Popular, Franklin Delano Roosevelt was elected to an unprecedented four terms, served longer than any other president, and led America through both the and . Yet Roosevelt was also a study in contradictions. A scion of one of the most elite families in the country, he became a hero to the common man and enacted policies that created the foundations of our social welfare system. A polished orator who inspired millions with his stirring speeches and intimate fireside chats, he was also a crafty (and sometimes shady) wheeler-dealer who knew how to pull the strings of Washington politics as well as anyone. And though he was known for his optimism and vigor, he was crippled from the waist down for most of his political career. What made Franklin D. Roosevelt tick, and how did he become one of the most influential leaders in American history?
And why should you still care about FDR today? Well, along with and , he's often ranked as one of the three greatest American presidents. Of course, "great" is pretty subjective, and like most larger-than-life figures he has both ardent admirers and fierce critics.
No one, however, can deny that FDR was one of our most influential presidents. Roosevelt led the nation through two of the greatest crises in its history, dramatically expanded the power of the presidency, and that fundamentally transformed the federal government. Love him or leave him, his place in the history books is assured.
Photographic History of Roosevelt Administration and FDR:
See for an extensive cache of public domain photographs. Same for; all of these are Copyright free and in the Public Domain.
One section is specific to the Great Depression and response to it: .
The dramatic decline in FDR's personal health is visible in late 1944 and early 1945 preceding his 12 April 1945 death in Georgia. See a color picture of FDR at Yalta in February 1945 at from Earthstation.1.
As we have seen the Great Depression had a devastating impact onthe American economy and the American people. President Hooverbelieved, basically, in waiting things out. As result of Hooversinactivity America turned to a new, dynamic leader: Franklin DelanoRoosevelt. Today we will discuss his basic strategy for improving theeconomy.
In 1910, Franklin Roosevelt was elected as a Democratic representative to the Senate of New York City, and Eleanor acted as hostess to the Democratic caucuses held in her drawing room.
Check your paper » Biography of Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the 32nd President of the United States of America.
Supreme Court Packing:
The famous 1937 presidential attempt to transform the Supreme Court is the object of a NARA 'Teaching With Documents' lesson at. A good academic coverage on this event is from K.C. Johnson of Brooklyn College.
New Deal and Wartime Taxation Policy:
Joseph J. Thorndike of the Tax History Project has written a series of articles on taxation before, during and after the Roosevelt years. lists them all.
by Thorndike persuasively argues that the New Deal tax regime of high excise taxes and a progressive income tax was essentially based on the 1932 Revenue Act passed in the last Hoover year rather than by a Roosevelt-era legislature. The article is less persuasive in seeking to have the 1932 enactment derive from the numerous tax-reduction enactments of the Republican 1920s.
Thorndike also offers under the article title of "The Price of Civilization: Taxation in Depression and War, 1933-1945." This shows that FDR led successful efforts to broaden the federal income tax, steepen its progressivity, and use regressive federal excise taxes extensively through the 1930s.
In the war 1940s, under article title " Morgenthau's Morning Glory' -- The Progressive Spendings Tax Proposal" shows the 1942 broadening of the income tax. Meanwhile, Roosevelt led the successful opposition to adoption in the early war years of a national sales or "value-added" tax: under title "The Tax That Wasn't: Mid-Century Proposals For A National Sales Tax." But another request in 1943 to add revenue and apply a very steep progressive tax to estates fell into deep disfavor with the increasingly conservative Congress: .
World War II:
is a general source. timeline has links to major events from Pearl Harbor to the war's aftermath. includes a .
PBS has .
A lengthy trove of primary is from the at Mt. Holyoke College. is a comparable source with more editing for the most important items.
The Roosevelt Library has public domain.
cover the major war conferences from the Atlantic Conference in August 1941 to the post-Roosevelt Potsdam Conference attended by Truman in July 1945.
WWII articles from are at.
Foreign and diplomatic War policy of Roosevelt:
For primary documents, see And there is From the Library, see the once-secret Safe Files, introduced at with links to six of the boxes. These are largely WWII and national security items listed alphabetically by correspondent or nation. A source for transcripts of the major conferences is itemized in.
In September 1896 Roosevelt's parents sent him to Groton, a boarding school for boys whom come from wealthy families which had recently been set up in New England.
The book “Man of Destiny: FDR and the Making of the American Century” by Alonzo Hamby, goes into great detail about the life of President Franklin Roosevelt. In your paper, analyze the external forces outside of the individual personality that Hamby uses to describe the development and evolution of FDR. What were the most important ones and why?
Whether he was fighting an illness or coping with the death of a loved one, Roosevelt always managed to keep himself on track and to persist towards his goals and those of the country....
Wealth comes with privilege. Given the family’s background and connections, having good education is not a problem for young Franklin. He attended various popular schools and met many challenges there. His experience in the outside world molded him to become a person whose life goals focused on becoming better or the best in a good way. He gained different experiences which enabled him to possess the knowledge, capability and initiative to lead others. He graduated with honors—took the most of the awards and certifications that can be given proving how and what kind of person he was. He was effective in everything he got “measured risk carefully and scrupulously limits his liability” (Hamby, 2015, p. 5). This characteristics and attributes enabled him to become a visionary person—one who possesses will and ambition to reach for the greater heights.