If the international community determines that a nation that claims to be fighting a war of self-defense is distorting the meaning of the term "self-defense," it has the right to declare a war unjustified and determine what penalties will be levied against the aggressor.
â For students working to one day become professional educators themselves, there are a host of publications that can be beneficial in the lifelong learning process; an example of such a publication is the Journal of Educational Psychology.
Rather than seek to justify any given war as just, Christians should instead state that all war is unjust and should only be condoned when it is clearly a lesser evil than other non-lethal alternatives.
When nations willingly give up their perceived right to attack other nations, and when an international police force and a court system exist that can arrest and prosecute criminal behavior perpetrated by national leaders against their own people, then war will indeed be a thing of the past.
As Neibuhr points out, though patriotism inspires individuals to act unselfishly in defense of their fellow citizens, it ironically converts this individual selflessness into national egoism.
To prevent abuses of the POW designation, with its associated diminution of civil rights, international courts must have to right to determine whether people may legally be held as POWs or whether those held are entitled to due process under the law, access to attorneys, and so forth.
Proportional MeansThe idea behind the proportional means test is that a nation fighting a just war will inflict the minimal amount of damage necessary to achieve its goals.
â This study is concerned with identifying instances and patterns of unusual behavior or thinking, particularly if such actions or thoughts are distressing to the subject or to those around the subject.
Second, a powerful nation threatening a weaker nation can turn this principle on its head and justify massive overkill (see the discussion of proportional means, below) on the grounds that it is simply increasing its likelihood of success, and thus conforming to an established Just War principle.
While few selective states currently allow marijuana’s production and distribution, the remaining states still skepticize the harmlessness and usefulness of this particular drug; therefore, it remains illegal in the majority of the nation.
â Albert Ellis pioneered Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) back in the 1950s as a way to address what he felt was unnecessary emotional distress in patients.
It emphasizes various themes centered on naturalness, vitality, peace, non-interference/non-resistance, refinement, detachment, flexibility, receptiveness, spontaneity, and the ways of life, speaking, and guiding behavior....
It is particularly revealing that those nations with the largest and most deadly conventional weapons arsenals are among the most vocal at trying the ensure that other countries destroy any unconventional weapons they might possess.
What he was referringto was the indication thatindividuals are more likely to express their gay behavior withintheir own culture as that culturebecomes more accepting of homosexuality.
If the international community defines crimes effectively, so that activities such as proliferation of weapons and persecution of dissidents are considered crimes that fall under international jurisdiction, the likelihood of war can be greatly lessened.