Provide Factual or Historical Background as an Introduction
In defiance of an 1832 Supreme Court ruling declaring the Indian Removal Act of 1830 unconstitutional, Federal and Georgian authorities proceeded to force the exodus of fifteen thousand members of the Cherokee Nation from their homes in Georgia to Oklahoma, hundreds of miles to the west. Because of their suffering, the Cherokee people called the path they were forced to follow to Oklahoma “The Trail of Tears.”
Financial aid and tuition remission for University System of Maryland employees cannot be applied to noncredit courses. Golden ID benefits may not be applied to fees, noncredit courses, specialty graduate programs, or doctoral programs. Regular tuition rates apply for cooperative education, course challenge examinations, and EXCEL 301.
Remember, your introductory paragraph is device that you made to draw the reader in to your essay, and to get them to understand your thesis statement.
The Board of Regents has authorized the university to charge a student's delinquent account for all collection costs incurred by the university. The normal collection fee is 17 percent plus attorney and/or court costs. The service charge for a dishonored check is $30. Requests for services (for example, transcripts, diplomas, registration) will be denied until all debts are paid.
If the theme is clear and makes sense, the conclusion ought to be very easy to write. Simply begin by restating the theme, then review the facts you cited in the body of the paper in support of your ideas—and it's advisable to rehearse them in some detail—and end with a final reiteration of the theme. Try, however, not to repeat the exact language you used elsewhere in the paper, especially the introduction, or it will look like you haven't explored all aspects of the situation ().
B. How to Write a Conclusion. In much the same way that the introduction lays out the thesis for the reader, the conclusion of the paper should reiterate the main points—it should never introduce new ideas or things not discussed in the body of the paper!—and bring the argument home. The force with which you express the theme here is especially important, because if you're ever going to convince the reader that your thesis has merit, it will be in the conclusion. In other words, just as lawyers win their cases in the closing argument, this is the point where you'll persuade others to adopt your thesis.
A very common type of introduction is the anecdotal introduction. This type of introduction uses a short story which represents the situation the writer wants you to have in mind when he presents the thesis statement. In this case, the story represents all similar situations which could happen to anyone with a dog. Taking the dog to vet serves a bridge to the explanation of the dog’s aggressive behavior.
Now, we are going to look at four different types of introductions. There are four questions on your final exam about these different types of introductions. Your textbook presents another four types of introductions, which are different from these.
As the final step, one or two members of the project team examined all these photos manually. While most photos were tagged correctly, we found some mistakes. We wanted to keep the data size the same (to make visualizations comparable), so our final set contains 640 selfie photos for every city.
Finally, the introductory paragraph presents the writer’s thesis statement. Remember the thesis statement is the main idea of the entire essay and works the way a topic sentence works in a paragraph. Often another sentence or two are needed to bridge the gap between your background information or story that you used to introduce your topic. I call these “bridge sentences.”
Not a bad introduction really, but rather scant. I have no idea, for instance, which societies will be discussed or what the theme of the paper will be. That is, while I can see what the general topic is, I still don't know the way the writer will draw the facts together, or even really what the paper is arguing in favor of.
Let me give you an example of what I mean. The following is an introduction of what turned out to be a well-written paper, but the introduction was severely lacking:
A. How to Write an Introduction. The introduction of a persuasive essay or paper must be substantial. Having finished it, the reader ought to have a very clear idea of the author's purpose in writing. To wit, after reading the introduction, I tend to stop and ask myself where I think the rest of the paper is headed, what the individual paragraphs in its body will address and what the general nature of the conclusion will be. If I'm right, it's because the introduction has laid out in clear and detailed fashion the theme and the general facts which the author will use to support it.
The introductory paragraph can also provide background information that is necessary for the reader to appreciate the writer’s position. This information can be scientific, historical, cultural, or even personal. Use this kind of introduction when you know there are things that the reader needs to know about your topic (but doesn’t’) in order to “get” your thesis statement.