We show that information about social relationships can be used to improve user-level sentiment analysis. The main motivation behind our approach is that users that are somehow "connected" may be more likely to hold similar opinions; therefore, relationship information can complement what we can extract about a user's viewpoints from their utterances. Employing Twitter as a source for our experimental data, and working within a semi-supervised framework, we propose models that are induced either from the Twitter follower/followee network or from the network in Twitter formed by users referring to each other using "@" mentions. Our transductive learning results reveal that incorporating social-network information can indeed lead to statistically significant sentiment classification improvements over the performance of an approach based on Support Vector Machines having access only to textual features
He was the pioneer for Social Psychology and was especially interested in conformity.
Conformity- how group pressure influences and individual's opinion.
Asch's Conformity Experiment
Asch conducted a conformity experiment to research two topics on group influence in particular:
To what extent do social forces alter people's opinions?
Which aspect of the group influence is most important: the size of the majority or unanimity?
How the Experiment was Conducted
The participants were given a card with a line on it and then received a second card that had three lines, labeled a,b,and c, on it.
They were asked which line on the second card (a,b,or c), matched the line on the original card.
Each of these line comparisons were referred to as "trials".
The confederates would answer the question first causing the real participant to answer last, thus letting them see the rest of the group's answers first.
It was set up like this to see if the participant's answer was influenced by the confederates.
The Actual Participants Choices
The actual participants could either ignore the majority and go with their common sense or they could go with the majority's answer, even though it was obviously wrong during the "Critical Trials".
From this experiment, Asch confirmed his hypothesis, which stated that group pressure does alter individual's opinions.
Asch also discovered that unanimity among the group is a slightly greater influence on an individual's opinion than the size of the group, also know as the majority.
After the experiment was conducted, it was shown that many participants followed the majority, when answering wrong during the critical trials.
Opinions and Social Pressure
By: Alison Agemak
Solomon Asch's Conformity Experiment
Asch gathered 123 males to participate in his conformity experiment.
Shirky considers this model of activism an upgrade. But it is simply a form of organizing which favors the weak-tie connections that give us access to information over the strong-tie connections that help us persevere in the face of danger. It shifts our energies from organizations that promote strategic and disciplined activity and toward those which promote resilience and adaptability. It makes it easier for activists to express themselves, and harder for that expression to have any impact. The instruments of social media are well suited to making the existing social order more efficient. They are not a natural enemy of the status quo. If you are of the opinion that all the world needs is a little buffing around the edges, this should not trouble you. But if you think that there are still lunch counters out there that need integrating it ought to give you pause.
In the aftermath of the Versailles Conference, Ho turned to socialist writings for inspiration, and to socialist and communist parties for support. Living in Paris, he read Vladimir Lenin’s “Thesis on the National and Colonial Questions” and came to the conclusion that “only Socialism and Communism can liberate the oppressed nations.” In 1920, Ho became a founding member of the French Communist Party. In the summer of that year, the Second Congress of the Communist International met in Petrograd and Moscow, and declared its support for anti-colonial revolutions, offering revolutionaries space for headquarters and limited funding. In 1930, Ho became a founding member of the Indochinese Communist Party.
DeBenedetti, An American Ordeal, p. 177. The specific FBI instructions noted here were issued in July 1968 but may be assumed to apply to earlier operations. See “Operation MHCHAOS,” ; and U.S. Senate Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities (Church Committee), Intelligence Activities and the Rights of Americans (Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, April 26, 1976), . The latter study examined efforts of the FBI, CIA, NSA, and other security agencies to “disrupt and discredit the activities of groups and individuals deemed a threat to the social order” (p. 1).
Many called the young Ma Rong a ‘golddigger’ who only married Wang for his money.Similar to the current WePhone case, Chinese social media played an important role as the marriage crisis between Wang and his wife unfolded within a matter of days after Wang on Weibo accusing his wife of cheating with his agent and announcing the divorce.With every piece of news coming out on the Wang divorce drama, netizens jumped right on it to vent their opinion or to scold Ma Rong.
Reorienting American thinking about the war was an uphill climb. The generation that came of age during the Vietnam War was raised on heroic World War II stories, pumped full of national pride, and indoctrinated to believe in the benevolence of American foreign policies. Still, the purported “threat” of a communist-led government in a small country halfway around the world did not elicit the same fighting spirit as defending the nation in the aftermath of the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. This was true for the general population as well – the necessity of the war was not obvious. Hence, the administration had to work assiduously to persuade the public that developments in Vietnam did indeed pose a dire threat to the security of the United States as well as to the survival of the so-called Free World.