"Cognitive Dissonance" explains how and why people change their ideas and opinions to support situations that do not appear to be healthy, positive, or normal. In the theory, an individual seeks to reduce information or opinions that make him or her uncomfortable. When we have two sets of cognitions (knowledge, opinion, feelings, input from others, etc.) that are the opposite, the situation becomes emotionally uncomfortable. Even though we might find ourselves in a foolish or difficult situation - few want to admit that fact. Instead, we attempt to reduce the dissonance - the fact that our cognitions don't match, agree, or make sense when combined. "Cognitive Dissonance" can be reduced by adding new cognitions - adding new thoughts and attitudes. Some examples:
Losers and abusers may admit they need psychiatric help or acknowledge they are mentally disturbed; however, it's almost always after they have already abused or intimidated the victim. The admission is a way of denying responsibility for the abuse. In truth, personality disorders and criminals have learned over the years that personal responsibility for their violent/abusive behaviors can be minimized and even denied by blaming their bad upbringing, abuse as a child, and now even video games. One murderer blamed his crime on eating too much junk food - now known as the "Twinkie Defense". While it may be true that the abuser/controller had a difficult upbringing, showing sympathy for his/her history produces no change in their behavior and in fact, prolongs the length of time you will be abused. While "sad stories" are always included in their apologies - after the abusive/controlling event - their behavior never changes! Keep in mind: once you become hardened to the "sad stories", they will simply try another approach. I know of no victim of abuse or crime who has heard their abuser say "I'm beating (robbing, mugging, etc.) you because my Mom hated me!"
Thank you. Your explanation makes sense, however I do wonder why the other IELTS teacher would use passive type of answer in almost all of his training videos. Any idea? Here is one of his demonstration clips :
Am I missing something? All I want, is to learn, how to answer the essay question correctly, however learning from internet is difficult due to conflicting information (most of the time).
Whilst it's very important to understand how neoliberalism, the ideology that dare not speak it's name, derailed the general progress in the developed world. It's also necessary to understand that the roots this problem go much further back. Not merely to the start of the industrial revolution, but way beyond that. It actually began with the first civilizations when our societies were taken over by powerful rulers, and they essentially started to farm the people they ruled like cattle. On the one hand they declared themselves protector of their people, whilst ruthlessly exploiting them for their own political gain. I use the livestock farming analogy, because that explains what is going on.
When you use the passive, it is because the person doing the action is not so important in the sentence. However, your thesis statement is a direct answer to the essay question which is asking for your opinion. The most important thing is that you answer it directly by giving your direct opinion. So, using the passive to give your opinion is impossible. We use “It is agreed…” when we refer to other people, not when we are giving our own opinion.
All the best
By this time they may have done so much work on the body of the essay that they just want to finish the essay off as quickly as possible and so they write a rushed and badly written conclusion.
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One of the most important functions of the conclusion is to provide context for your argument. Your reader may finish your essay without a problem and understand your argument without understanding why that argument is important. Your introduction might point out the reason your topic matters, but your conclusion should also tackle this questions. Here are some strategies for making your reader see why the topic is important:
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This is the eighth part of our series on preparing for the SAT essay. All of these articles are excerpts from the curriculum for WriteAtHome’s new and popular course.
At the end of a tiring trip, it’s a nice feeling to finally pull into your own driveway and put the car in park. That’s how good essays should come to an end also — with a graceful and satisfying sense of closure. An essay without a conclusion is like slamming on the brakes a block from home.
When time is short, SAT takers often omit the conclusion of their essay, and since the readers are supposed to keep in mind the time limitations, they might overlook its absence. On the other hand, your last few words can be just as important as the first few. You want to leave your readers with a strong impression. Manage your time well so that you will have a few minutes to compose a strong concluding sentence or two.
Skillfully concluding an essay takes practice and instinct. There’s no formula to guarantee success. In general, however, you will do well to keep these three principles in mind: